Data Management/Data Warehousing Definitions

This glossary explains the meaning of key words and phrases that information technology (IT) and business professionals use when discussing data management and related software products. You can find additional definitions by visiting WhatIs.com or using the search box below.

  • M

    master data management (MDM)

    Master data management (MDM) is a comprehensive method of enabling an enterprise to link all of its critical data to a common point of reference.

  • MongoDB

    MongoDB is an open source database that uses a document-oriented data model.

  • MPP database (massively parallel processing database)

    An MPP database is a database that is optimized to be processed in parallel for many operations to be performed by many processing units at a time.

  • multimodel database

    A multimodel database is a data processing platform that supports multiple data models, which define the parameters for how the information in a database is organized and arranged.

  • N

    NewSQL

    NewSQL is a term coined by the analyst firm The 451 Group as shorthand to describe vendors of new, scalable, high performance SQL databases.

  • NoSQL (Not Only SQL database)

    NoSQL is an approach to database design that can accomodate a wide variety of data models, including key-value, document, columnar and graph formats. NoSQL, which stand for "not only SQL," is an alternative to traditional relational databases in which data is placed in tables and data schema is carefully designed before the database is built.

  • NoSQL DBMS (Not only SQL database management system)

    Understanding the types of NoSQL DBMSes that are available is an important requirement for modern application development.

  • NuoDB

    NuoDB is a SQL-oriented transactional database management system designed for distributed deployment in the cloud.

  • O

    OLAP (online analytical processing)

    OLAP (online analytical processing) enables a user to easily and selectively extract and view data from different points-of-view.

  • OLAP cube

    An OLAP cube is a multidimensional database that is optimized for data warehouse and online analytical processing (OLAP) applications.

  • P

    privacy

    On the Internet, privacy, a major concern of users, can be divided into these concerns: What personal information can be shared with whom Whether messages can be exchanged without anyone else seeing them Whether and how one can send messages anonymously Personal Information Privacy Most Web users want to understand that personal information they share will not be shared with anyone else without their permission.

  • R

    raw data (source data or atomic data)

    Raw data (sometimes called source data or atomic data) is data that has not been processed for meaningful use.

  • RDBMS (relational database management system)

    A relational database management system (RDBMS) is a collection of programs and capabilities that enable IT teams and others to create, update, administer and otherwise interact with a relational database.

  • RFM analysis (recency, frequency, monetary)

    RFM (recency, frequency, monetary) analysis is a marketing technique used to determine which customers are the best ones by examining how often a customer buys (recency), how long it's been since their last purchase (frequency), and...

  • S

    semantic technology

    Semantic technology is a set of methods and tools that provide advanced means for categorizing and processing data, as well as for discovering relationships within varied data sets.

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